How does risk mediate the ability of adolescents and adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities to live a normal life by using the Internet?

Abstract

The focus of this position paper is Internet use by adolescents and adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Drawing on existing literature in the field we will identify problems with and gaps in the current research. Our review is framed by three main questions: What constitutes a ‘normal’ life for adolescents and adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities? What constitutes ‘normal’ use of the Internet for adolescents and adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities? How does risk mediate the ability of adolescents and adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities to live a normal life by using the Internet? The key focus of this review is the complex relationship between adolescents and adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities and those providing support; how they negotiate access to and use of the Internet and how perceptions regarding risk and normalcy mediate this negotiation. As a result of this review we will argue that identified gaps and problems in the research field need to be addressed by expanding both methodological and conceptual approaches. In particular we will propose the need for more in-depth qualitative research that is inclusive in nature. We will also propose that an adapted positive risk-taking framework might be useful in framing the design, implementation and analysis of future research.

Bibliographic citation

Seale, J., & Chadwick, D. (2017). How does risk mediate the ability of adolescents and adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities to live a normal life by using the Internet?. Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, 11(1), Article 2. doi:https://doi.org/10.5817/CP2017-1-2

Keywords

intellectual and developmental disabilities; adolescents; adults; Internet; digital inclusion; risk; positive risk-taking

Full Text:

HTML

References

Show references Hide references

Alaszewski, A., & Alaszewski, H. (2002). Towards the creative management of risk: Perceptions, practices and policies. British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 30, 56-62. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1468-3156.2001.00153.x

Alquatani, H. H., & Schoenfield, N. A. (2014). Teaching cooking skills to young women with mild intellectual disability: The effectiveness of Internet websites. Current Issues in Education, 17, 1-10.

Bannon, S., McGlynn, T., McKenzie, K., & Quayle, E. (2015). The Internet and young people with additional support needs (ASN): Risk and safety. Computers in Human Behavior, 53, 495-503. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2014.12.057

BECTA (2001). The digital divide: A discussion paper. Retrieved from http://partners.becta.org.uk/page_documents/research/digitaldivide.pdf

Buijs P. C. M., Boot E., Shugar A., Fung W. L. A., & Bassett A. S. (2016). Internet safety issues for adolescents and adults with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 30, 416-418. https://doi.org/10.1111/jar.12250

Butler, L., & Bayne, H. (2000). Developing online resources for adults with intellectual disabilities. Paper presented at Networking 2000 Conference, Australia. Retrieved from http://www.flexiblelearning.net.au/nw2000/talkback/p05.htm

Carey, A. C., Friedman, M., & Bryen, D. N. (2005). Use of electronic technologies by people with intellectual disabilities. Mental Retardation, 43, 322-333.

Chadwick, D. D. (2016, June). Restriction, risk and reward? The digital inclusion of people with an intellectual disability (keynote presentation). Transitions Across the Life Course of People with Disabilities: Experiences, Opportunities and Strategies, Off- and Online. International Workshop, University of Umea, Sweden.

Chadwick D., Fullwood C., & Wesson C. (2012). Intellectual disability, identity and the Internet. In: R. Luppicini (Ed.), Handbook of research on techno-self: Identity in a technological society (pp. 229-254). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

Chadwick, D. D., Quinn, S., & Fullwood, C. (2017). Perceptions of the risk and benefits of Internet access and use by people with intellectual disabilities. British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 45, 21-31. https://doi.org/10.1111/bld.12170

Chadwick, D. D., Wesson, C., & Fullwood, C. (2013). Internet access by people with intellectual disabilities: inequalities and opportunities. Future Internet - Special Issue "Inequality in the Digital Environment", 5, 376-397. https://doi.org/10.3390/fi5030376

Chadwick, D., & Wesson, C. (2016). Digital inclusion and disability. In A. Attrill & C. Fullwood (Eds.), Applied cyberpsychology: Practical application of cyberpsychological theory and research. Chennai, India: Palgrave Macmillan.

Davis, R. A., Flett, G. L., & Besser, A. (2002). Validation of a new scale for measuring problematic Internet use: Implications for pre-employment screening. CyberPsychology & Behaviour, 5, 331-345. https://doi.org/10.1089/109493102760275581

Department of Health. (2005). Independence, well-being and choice: Our vision for the future of social care for adults in England. London: HMSO.

Didden, R., Scholte, R. H. J., Korzilius, H., DeMoor, J. M. H., Vermeulen, A., O’Reilly, M., Lang, R., & Lancioni, G. E. (2009). Cyberbullying along students with intellectual and developmental disability in special education settings. Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 12, 146-151. https://doi.org/10.1080/17518420902971356

Fiser, K. (2012). Parental perspectives on young adults with Down syndrome and online social networking sites (2012). Rehabilitation, Human Resources and Communication Disorders Undergraduate Honors Theses. Paper 9.

Goodley, D. (2005). Empowerment, self-advocacy and resilience, Journal Intellectual Disabilities, 9, 333-343. https://doi.org/10.1177/1744629505059267

Grant, M. J., & Booth, A. (2009). A typology of reviews: An analysis of 14 review types and associated methodologies. Health Information and Libraries Journal, 26, 91–108. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-1842.2009.00848.x

Hegarty, J. R. (1998). INTERCHANGE - promoting international friendship-links for people with intellectual impairment. In I. Placencia-Porrero & E. Ballabio (Eds.), Improving the quality of life for the European Citizen (pp. 179-184). Amsterdam: IOS Press.

Holmes, K. M., & O'Loughlin, N. (2014). The experiences of people with learning disabilities on social networking sites. British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 42, 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1111/bld.12001

Jaeger, P. T. (2015). Disability, human rights, and social justice: The ongoing struggle for online accessibility and equality. First Monday, 20, 9. Retrieved from: http://firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/rt/printerFriendly/6164/4898

Jay, P. (1979). Report of the Committee Enquiry into Mental Handicap Nursing and Care. London: HMSO.

Jerome, J., Frantino, E., & Sturmey, P. (2007). The effects of errorless learning and backward chaining on the acquisition of Internet skills in adults with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Applied Behavioural Analysis, 40, 185-189. https://doi.org/10.1901/jaba.2007.41-06

Johnson, R., & Hegarty, J.R. (2003).Websites as educational motivators for adults with learning disability. British Journal of Educational Technology, 34, 479-486. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8535.00344

Katz, E., Blumler, J., & Gurevitch, M. (1974). Utilization of mass communication by the individual. In J. Blumler & E. Katz (Eds.), The uses of mass communication: Current perspectives on gratifications research (pp. 19–34). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Kydlund, F. K., Molka-Danielson, J., & Balandin, S. (2012). Examining the use of social media tool "Flickr" for impact on loneliness for people with intellectual disability. In NOKOBIT 2012 : Proceedings of the 2012 Norsk konferanse for organisasjoners bruk av informasjonsteknologi (pp. 253-264). Retrieved from: http://dro.deakin.edu.au/view/DU:30062177

Livingston, S., & Haddon, L. (2009). EU Kids Online final report. LSE, London: EU Kids Online.

Livingstone, S., Mascheroni, G., & Staksrud, E. (2015). Developing a framework for researching children’s online risks and opportunities in Europe. LSE, London: EU Kids Online. Retrieved from: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/64470/

Löfgren-Mårtenson, L. (2008). Love in cyberspace: Swedish young people with intellectual disabilities and the Internet. Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, 10, 125-138. https://doi.org/10.1080/15017410701758005

Löfgren-Mårtenson, L., Sorbring, E., & Molin, M. (2015) “T@ngled up in Blue”: Views of parents and professionals on Internet use for sexual purposes among young people with intellectual disabilities. Sex Disabil, 33, 533-544. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11195-015-9415-7

Lough, E., & Fisher, M.H. (2016a). Internet use and online safety in adults with Williams syndrome. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 60, 1020-1030. https://doi.org/10.1111/jir.12281

Lough, E., & Fisher, M. (2016b). Parent and Self-Report Ratings on the Perceived Levels of Social Vulnerability of Adults with Williams Syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 46, 3424-3433. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-016-2885-3

McClimens, A., & Gordon, F. (2009). People with intellectual disabilities as bloggers: What’s social capital got to do with it anyway? Journal of Intellectual Disabilities, 15, 19-30. https://doi.org/10.1177/1744629509104486

Milner, P., & Mirfin-Veitch, B. (2012). “I am here”: The Article 19 Project. CCS Disability Action & Donald Beasley Institute.

Moisey, S. D. (2001). Virtual community for adults with developmental disabilities and their families. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 2(1). Retrieved from: http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/39/68

Moisey, S., & van de Keere, R. (2007). Inclusion and the Internet: Teaching adults with developmental disabilities to use Information and Communication Technologies. Developmental Disabilities Bulletin, 35, 72-102.

Molin, M., Sorbring, E., Löfgren-Mårtenson, E. (2015). Teachers’ and parents views on the Internet and social media usage by pupils with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disabilities, 19, 22-23. https://doi.org/10.1177/1744629514563558

Morgan, S. (2004, October). Positive risk taking: An idea whose time has come. Health Care Risk Report. Retrieved from: http://static1.1.sqspcdn.com/static/f/586382/9538512/1290507680737/OpenMind-PositiveRiskTaking.pdf?token=ElVKhX4Soz6TlFbuppAGcJTsZVI%3D

Näslund, R., & Gardelli, A. (2013). ‘I know, I can, I will try’: Youths and adults with intellectual disabilities in Sweden using information and communication technology in their everyday life. Disability and Society, 28, 28-40. https://doi.org/10.1080/09687599.2012.695528

Nind, M. (2014). What is Inclusive Research? London: Bloomsbury Academic.

Normand, C. L., & Sallafranque St Louis, F. (2016) Cybervictimisation of young people with an intellectual or developmental disability: Risks specific to sexual solicitation. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 29, 99-110. https://doi.org/10.1111/jar.12163

Perske, R. (1972). The dignity of risk. In: W. Wolfensberger., B. Nirje., S. Olansky., R. Perske, & P. Roos (Eds.), The principles of normalization in human services. Toronto: National Institute on Mental Retardation through Leonard Crainford.

Plichta, P. (2011). Ways of ICT usage among mildly intellectually disabled adolescents. In E. Dunkels, G.-M. Franberg, & C. Hallgren (Eds.), Youth culture and net culture: Online social practices (296-315). Hershey, PA: IGI Publishing.

Rocha, T., Bessa, M., Magalhaes, L., & Cabral, L. (2015, September). Performing universal tasks on the Web: Interaction with digital content by people with intellectual disabilities. Paper presented at Interaccion ’15, Barcelona, Spain.

Ruggerio, T. E. (2000). Uses and gratifications theory in the 21st century. Mass Communication and Society, 3, 3–37. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327825MCS0301_02

Schindler, P., & Borchardt, K. (2001, October). “I want that!” --teaching the internet and email to a group of clients with intellectual disability. Paper presented at the Reference and Information Services Section Symposium (RAISS). Retrieved from: http://www.library.uq.edu.au/papers/confpaper.doc

Seale, J. K. (2001). The same but different: The use of the personal home page by adults with Down syndrome as a tool for self-presentation. British Journal of Educational Technology, 32, 343-352. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8535.00203

Seale, J. K., & Pockney, R. (2002). The use of the personal home page by adults with Down syndrome as a tool for managing identity and friendship. British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 30,142-148. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1468-3156.2002.00195.x

Seale, J. (2007). Strategies for supporting the online publishing activities of adults with learning difficulties. Disability and Society, 22, 173-186. https://doi.org/10.1080/09687590601141626

Seale, J., Nind, M., & Simmons, B. (2013). Transforming positive risk taking practices: The possibilities of creativity and resilience in learning disability contexts. Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, 15, 233-248. https://doi.org/10.1080/15017419.2012.703967

Seale, J. (2014). The role of supporters in facilitating use of technologies by adolescents and adults with learning disabilities: A place for positive risk taking? European Journal of Special Needs Education, 29, 220-236. https://doi.org/10.1080/08856257.2014.906980

Selwyn, N. (2006) Digital division or digital decision? A study of non-users and low-users of computers. Poetics: Journal of Empirical Research in Culture, Media and the Arts, 34, 273-292. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.poetic.2006.05.003

Selwyn, N., & Facer. K (2007). Beyond the digital divide: Rethinking digital inclusion for the 21st century. Bristol: FutureLab. Retrieved from: http://www.futurelab.org.uk/resources/documents/opening_education/Digital_Divide.pdf

Shpigelman, C.-N., & Gill, C. J. (2014). How do adults with intellectual disabilities use Facebook? Disability & Society, 29, 1601-1616. https://doi.org/10.1080/09687599.2014.966186

Slavin, M. (2002). The Homepage Project. Retrieved from: http://www.ckglasgow.org.uk/homepageproject/

Stendal, K., Molka-Danielson, J., Munkvold, B. E., & Balandin, S. (2011). Initial experience with virtual worlds for people with lifelong disability: Preliminary findings. In NOKOBIT 2011: Proceedings of the 2011 Norsk konferanse for organisasjoners bruk av informasjonsteknologi (pp. 105-118). Retrieved from: http://dro.deakin.edu.au/view/DU:30062167

Turel, O., & Serenko, A. (2012). The benefits and dangers of enjoyment with social networking websites. European Journal of Information Systems, 21, 512-528. https://doi.org/10.1057/ejis.2012.1

UN General Assembly. (2006). Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Retrieved from: http://www.un.org/disabilities

Vanden Abeele, M., de Cock, R., & Roe, K. (2012). Blind faith in the web? Internet use and empowerment among visually and hearing impaired adults: A qualitative study of benefits and barriers. Communications, 37, 129–151. https://doi.org/10.1515/commun-2012-0007

Watson, J. (2016). Assumptions of decision-making capacity: The role supporter attitudes play in the realisation of article 12 for people with severe or profound intellectual disability.

Laws, 5(1), 6. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.3390/laws5010006

Williams, P. (2006). Developing methods to evaluate web usability with people with learning difficulties. British Journal of Special Education, 33, 173-179. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8578.2006.00436.x

Williams, P. (2011). Barriers to the creation and use of an accessible web portal for people with learning disabilities. International Journal of Education, 3(2), E21. https://doi.org/10.5296/ije.v3i2.1283

Wolfensberger, W., Nirje., B., Olansky, S., Perske., R., & Roos, P. (1972). The principles of normalization in human services. Toronto: National Institute on Mental Retardation through Leonard Crainford.

Zubal-Ruggieri, R. (2015). Making links, making connections: Internet resources for self-advocates and people with developmental disabilities. Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 45, 209-2015. https://doi.org/10.1352/1934-9556(2007)45[209:MLMCIR]2.0.CO;2

https://doi.org/10.5817/CP2017-1-2


Crossref Cited-by (29)

The listed references are provided by Cited-by (Crossref service) and thus do not represent the full list of sources citing the article.

1. Cyber Criminology
Zhraa A. Alhaboby, Doaa Alhaboby, Haider M. Al-Khateeb, Gregory Epiphaniou, Dhouha Kbaier Ben Ismail, Hamid Jahankhani, Prashant Pillai
ISBN 978-3-319-97181-0  Chapter 11,  first page: 227,  year: 2018  
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-97181-0_11

2. Education and social work students’ perceptions of Internet use by people with and without intellectual disability
Esther Chiner, Marcos Gómez-Puerta, Esther Villegas
International Journal of Developmental Disabilities  first page: 1,  year: 2020  
https://doi.org/10.1080/20473869.2020.1791680

3. An exploration of the Personal Relationship Advisory Group in a community learning disability service: A service development project
Sophie Elizabeth Coleman, Emma Sharrock
British Journal of Learning Disabilities  year: 2021  
https://doi.org/10.1111/bld.12436

4. Support persons’ views on remote communication and social media for people with communicative and cognitive disabilities
Margret Buchholz, Ulrika Ferm, Kristina Holmgren
Disability and Rehabilitation  vol: 42,  issue: 10,  first page: 1439,  year: 2020  
https://doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2018.1529827

5. Tensions between risk, coping and support: young people with intellectual disability in Sweden and Internet-related support
Åsa Borgström
Disability & Society  first page: 1,  year: 2021  
https://doi.org/10.1080/09687599.2021.1946675

6. Studying Problematic Online Behavior of Adolescents With Mild Intellectual Disabilities and Borderline Intellectual Functioning: Methodological and Ethical Considerations for Data Collection
Rogier de Groot, Hendrien L. Kaal, Wouter Ph Stol
International Journal of Qualitative Methods  vol: 18,  first page: 160940691985797,  year: 2019  
https://doi.org/10.1177/1609406919857978

7. Selection and evaluation of Internet information by adults with intellectual disabilities
Ladislao Salmerón, Inmaculada Fajardo, Marcos Gómez-Puerta
European Journal of Special Needs Education  vol: 34,  issue: 3,  first page: 272,  year: 2019  
https://doi.org/10.1080/08856257.2018.1468634

8. Wilderness and resistance: illuminating the digital inequalities experienced by adults with learning disabilities between 1970 and 1999
Jane Seale
Disability & Society  vol: 34,  issue: 9-10,  first page: 1481,  year: 2019  
https://doi.org/10.1080/09687599.2019.1576504

9. Information and communication technology use in daily life among young adults with mild-to-moderate intellectual disability
Camilla Ramsten, Lene Martin, Munir Dag, Lena Marmstål Hammar
Journal of Intellectual Disabilities  vol: 24,  issue: 3,  first page: 289,  year: 2020  
https://doi.org/10.1177/1744629518784351

10. Vulnerable subjects and autonomous actors: The right to sexuality education for disabled under-18s
Aoife Daly, Rachel Heah, Kirsty Liddiard
Global Studies of Childhood  vol: 9,  issue: 3,  first page: 235,  year: 2019  
https://doi.org/10.1177/2043610619860997

11. A socio‐emotional analysis of technology use by people with intellectual disabilities
J. Setchell, T. Barlott, M. Torres
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research  vol: 65,  issue: 2,  first page: 149,  year: 2021  
https://doi.org/10.1111/jir.12796

12. Internet use among adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities in South Korea
Kyung Mee Kim, Chung Eun Lee
Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities  vol: 34,  issue: 3,  first page: 724,  year: 2021  
https://doi.org/10.1111/jar.12843

13. Why Are Turkish University Students Addicted to the Internet? A Moderated Mediation Model
Orhan Koçak, İlayda Yılmaz, Mustafa Z. Younis
Healthcare  vol: 9,  issue: 8,  first page: 953,  year: 2021  
https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9080953

14. A Case for Greater Risk Tolerance in Internet Use by Adults with Intellectual Disabilities: A Comment on Chalghoumi et al.
David Wasserman
Ethics & Behavior  vol: 29,  issue: 3,  first page: 223,  year: 2019  
https://doi.org/10.1080/10508422.2018.1522256

15. A Systematic Review of Problematic Internet Use in Children, Adolescents, and Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Claude L. Normand, Marisa H. Fisher, Isabelle Simonato, Stéphanie-M. Fecteau, Marie-Hélène Poulin
Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders  year: 2021  
https://doi.org/10.1007/s40489-021-00270-x

16. Opportunities and Hazards of the Internet for Students with Intellectual Disabilities: The Views of Pre-Service and In-Service Teachers
Esther Chiner, Marcos Gómez-Puerta, Santiago Mengual-Andrés
International Journal of Disability, Development and Education  vol: 68,  issue: 4,  first page: 538,  year: 2021  
https://doi.org/10.1080/1034912X.2019.1696950

17. An Online Life Like Any Other: Identity, Self-Determination, and Social Networking Among Adults with Intellectual Disabilities
Darren D. Chadwick, Chris Fullwood
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking  vol: 21,  issue: 1,  first page: 56,  year: 2018  
https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2016.0689

18. COMMENT DÉFINIR ET MESURER LA PARTICIPATION SOCIALE À L’ÈRE DU NUMÉRIQUE?
Claude L. Normand, Martin Molin, Isabelle Simonato, Dany Lussier-Desrochers, Julie Ruel, Alejandro Romero-Torres
Revue francophone de la déficience intellectuelle  vol: 30,  issue: spécial,  first page: 2,  year: 2020  
https://doi.org/10.7202/1075351ar

19. DÉVELOPPER L’AUTONOMIE NUMÉRIQUE CHEZ DE JEUNES ADULTES TRISOMIQUES
Isabelle Simonato, Dany Lussier-Desrochers, Claude L. Normand, Alejandro Romero-Torres, Yves Lachapelle
Revue francophone de la déficience intellectuelle  vol: 30,  issue: spécial,  first page: 42,  year: 2020  
https://doi.org/10.7202/1075354ar

20. Internet opportunities and risks for adolescents with intellectual disabilities: A comparative study of parents’ perceptions
Kristin Alfredsson Ågren, Anette Kjellberg, Helena Hemmingsson
Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy  vol: 27,  issue: 8,  first page: 601,  year: 2020  
https://doi.org/10.1080/11038128.2020.1770330

21. Advances in Design for Inclusion
Dany Lussier-Desrochers, Claude L. Normand, Alejandro Romero-Torres, Yves Lachapelle, Geneviève Labrecque, Valérie Godin-Tremblay
ISBN 978-3-319-60597-5  Chapter 48,  first page: 510,  year: 2018  
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-60597-5_48

22. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Communities & Technologies - Transforming Communities
Ditte Lystbæk Andreasen, Anne Marie Kanstrup
ISBN 9781450371629  first page: 250,  year: 2019  
https://doi.org/10.1145/3328320.3328394

23. Digital participation? Internet use among adolescents with and without intellectual disabilities: A comparative study
Kristin Alfredsson Ågren, Anette Kjellberg, Helena Hemmingsson
New Media & Society  vol: 22,  issue: 12,  first page: 2128,  year: 2020  
https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444819888398

24. Teachers’ perceptions on online behaviour of students with intellectual disability, risk mediation and training
Marcos Gómez-Puerta, Esther Chiner
European Journal of Special Needs Education  vol: 35,  issue: 4,  first page: 437,  year: 2020  
https://doi.org/10.1080/08856257.2019.1703602

25. Internet use and online behaviour of adults with intellectual disability: support workers’ perceptions, training and online risk mediation
Marcos Gómez-Puerta, Esther Chiner
Disability & Society  first page: 1,  year: 2021  
https://doi.org/10.1080/09687599.2021.1874300

26. RESSOURCES ET VULNÉRABILITÉS DES ADULTES PRÉSENTANT UNE DÉFICIENCE INTELLECTUELLE FACE AUX RISQUES NUMÉRIQUES
Mireille Tabin
Revue francophone de la déficience intellectuelle  vol: 30,  issue: spécial,  first page: 13,  year: 2020  
https://doi.org/10.7202/1075352ar

27. ‘If the phone were broken, I’d be screwed’: media use of people with disabilities in the digital era
Antonia Baumgartner, Tobias Rohrbach, Philomen Schönhagen
Disability & Society  first page: 1,  year: 2021  
https://doi.org/10.1080/09687599.2021.1916884

28. Caregivers' Role in Cybersecurity for Aging Information Technology Users with Intellectual Disabilities
Jessica N. Rocheleau, Hajer Chalghoumi, Jeffrey Jutai, Susan Farrell, Yves Lachapelle, Virginie Cobigo
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking  vol: 24,  issue: 9,  first page: 624,  year: 2021  
https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2020.0572

29. Information Privacy for Technology Users With Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: Why Does It Matter?
Hajer Chalghoumi, Virginie Cobigo, Crislee Dignard, Amélie Gauthier-Beaupré, Jeffrey W. Jutai, Yves Lachapelle, Johanna Lake, Rawad Mcheimech, Maxine Perrin
Ethics & Behavior  vol: 29,  issue: 3,  first page: 201,  year: 2019  
https://doi.org/10.1080/10508422.2017.1393340




Copyright (c) 2017 Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.