The impact of video game character viewpoints and task on perceptions of cognitive and similarity identification



The following study examines the effect of character viewpoints in a video game and task (motivation) on outcomes associated with identification and enjoyment. The study employs a 2 (first-person viewpoint vs. third-person viewpoint) × 2 (task vs. no task) experimental design to test potential theoretical impacts of identification. Specifically, this study looked at how first-person and third-person viewpoints impact identification (cognitive vs. similarity) and enjoyment after playing a video game. The results showed that third-person perspectives through manipulated gaming objectives (task) positively impacted identification. Furthermore, task was associated with higher game play enjoyment. This study adds to the current literature by comparing different type’s identification (cognitive vs. similarity) and how these concepts are impacted by point-of-view and motivation. Thus, extending our theoretical understanding of identification.

Cognitive identification; similarity identification; third-person; first-person; video games
Author biography

Vincent J. Cicchirillo

Vincent Cicchirillo, PhD is an Assistant Professor of Marketing at Saint Xavier University. He has worked as an assistant professor at the University of Texas at Austin & DePaul University. His work focuses upon the study of media technologies, in particular the influence of video game play features and contexts on post-game play outcomes. This research extends to advergaming, gamification, and in-game advertising effects upon consumers and players.


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